WHO/G. Motturi
                                ? Credits

                                Suicide prevention

                                  Overview

                                  More than 700 000 people die by suicide every year. Furthermore, for each suicide, there are more than 20 suicide attempts.

                                  Suicides and suicide attempts have a ripple effect that impacts on families, friends, colleagues, communities and societies.

                                  Suicides are preventable. Much can be done to prevent suicide at individual, community and national levels. 

                                  Situation

                                   

                                  More than 700 000 people die by suicide every year; that’s one person every 40 seconds. Suicide occurs throughout life. It is the fourth leading cause of death among 15-29 year-olds globally.

                                  Suicide occurs in all regions of the world. In fact, 77% of global suicides happen in low- and middle-income countries.

                                  While the link between suicide and mental disorders (in particular, depression and alcohol use disorders) is well established, many suicides happen impulsively in moments of crisis. Further risk factors include experience of loss, loneliness, discrimination, a relationship break-up, financial problems, chronic pain and illness, violence, abuse, and conflict or other humanitarian emergencies. The strongest risk factor for suicide is a previous suicide attempt.

                                  Response

                                  Much can be done to prevent suicide. WHO’s LIVE LIFE approach recommends four key interventions which have proven to be effective:

                                  • limit access to the means of suicide
                                  • interact with the media for responsible reporting of suicide.
                                  • foster socio-emotional life skills in adolescents
                                  • early identify, assess, manage and follow up anyone who is affected by suicidal behaviours 

                                   

                                    These key interventions need to be accompanied by the following foundational pillars: situation analysis, multisectoral collaboration, awareness raising, capacity building, financing, surveillance, monitoring and evaluation.

                                    This approach is the basis on which comprehensive multisectoral national suicide prevention strategies should be developed.

                                    National suicide prevention strategies: progress, examples and indicators

                                    700 000

                                    people die

                                    due to suicide every year

                                    Fact sheet

                                    38

                                    countries report having a national strategy for suicide prevention

                                    MiNDbank database

                                    87 countries

                                    have good-quality vital registration data on suicide

                                    Read more
                                    LIVE LIFE: An implementation guide for suicide prevention in countries

                                    More than 700 000 people lose their life to suicide every year. The world is not on track to reach the 2030 suicide reduction targets. WHO advocates for...

                                    Suicide worldwide in 2019

                                    More than 700 000 persons die by suicide every year globally. Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among 15-29 year olds. The reduction of suicide...

                                    2014_report_publication

                                    Every 40 seconds a person dies by suicide somewhere in the world. Over 800 000 people die by suicide every year. Yet suicides are preventable. “Preventing...

                                    Preventing suicide: a resource for pesticide registrars and regulators

                                    Self-poisoning with pesticides causes up to one in five of the world’s suicides. Pesticide registrars and regulators have a key role to play in suicide...

                                    WHO menu of cost-effective interventions for mental health

                                    IntroductionIn 2019, the Seventy-second World Health Assembly requested the WHO Director-General to prepare a menu of policy options and cost-effective...

                                    national_suicide_prevention_strategy_publication

                                    National suicide prevention strategies are essential for elevating suicide prevention on the political agenda. A national strategy and associated action...

                                    Public health action for the prevention of suicide

                                    The purpose of this document is to provide a resource to assist governments in developing and implementing strategies for the prevention of suicide as...

                                    PREVENTING SUICIDE: A resource for filmmakers and others working on stage and screen

                                     This resource booklet provides information for filmmakers and others involved in the creation, development and production of content for screen (e.g....

                                    Tools

                                    mhGAP Intervention Guide - Version 2.0

                                    This is the second version (2016) of the mhGAP Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) for mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) disorders in non-specialist...

                                    Suicide prevention: toolkit for engaging communities

                                    Communities have an important role to play in suicide prevention. They can provide support to people who are vulnerable and to those who have made an attempt...

                                    suicide_attempts_surveillance_systems_manual

                                    This practice manual aims to provide a tool for countries to use in setting up a public health surveillance system for suicide attempts and self-harm cases...

                                    Events