WHO/Y. Shimizu
                                ? Credits

                                Primary health care

                                  Overview

                                  All people, everywhere, deserve the right care, right in their community. This is the fundamental premise of primary health care.

                                  Primary health care (PHC) addresses the majority of a person’s health needs throughout their lifetime. This includes physical, mental and social well-being and it is people-centred rather than disease-centred. PHC is a whole-of-society approach that includes health promotion, disease prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and palliative care.

                                  A primary health care approach includes three components:

                                  • meeting people’s health needs throughout their lives;
                                  • addressing the broader determinants of health through multisectoral policy and action; and
                                  • empowering individuals, families and communities to take charge of their own health.

                                  By providing care in the community as well as care through the community, PHC addresses not only individual and family health needs, but also the broader issue of public health and the needs of defined populations.

                                  The principles of PHC were first outlined in the Declaration of Alma-Ata in 1978, a seminal milestone in global health. Forty years later, global leaders ratified the Declaration of Astana at the  Global Conference on Primary Health Care which took place in Astana, Kazakhstan in October 2018.

                                  PHC, because it is about how best to provide health care and services to everyone, everywhere, is the most efficient and effective way to achieve health for all.



                                   

                                  Declaration of Astana

                                  In 1978, leaders from around the world gathered in Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan, for what would prove to be a seminal moment in global health. The Declaration of Alma-Ata was the first to call for urgent and effective national and international action to develop and implement primary health care throughout the world.”

                                  Forty years later, leaders and stakeholders representing government, the private sector, and civil society returned to Kazakhstan. The Global Conference on Primary Health Care, which took place in Astana in October 2018, reaffirmed primary health care as the most effective and efficient approach to achieve universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals.

                                  Based on a bold vision, the 2018 Declaration of Astana centres around 4 commitments:

                                  1. Making bold political choices for health across all sectors;

                                  2. Building sustainable primary health care – adapted to each country’s local context;

                                  3. Empowering individuals and communities;

                                  4. Aligning stakeholder support to national policies.

                                  Taking into account 40 years of lessons learned since the original Declaration of Alma-Ata, the Declaration of Astana was developed through a multi-stakeholder process that included consultations with Member States, a group of international experts, civil society and the general public.

                                   

                                  Operational Framework

                                   

                                  How can governments, health organizations, health care professionals and communities transform the bold vision of the Declaration of Astana into action?

                                  The Operational framework for primary health care: transforming vision into action provides stakeholders with a series of levers to help countries and communities adopt a PHC approach and work to strengthen health systems as a way to achieve universal health coverage

                                   

                                   

                                  Core strategic levers

                                  • Political commitment and leadership
                                  • Governance and policy frameworks
                                  • Funding and allocation of resources
                                  • Engagement of community and other stakeholders

                                  Operational levers

                                  • Models of care
                                  • Primary health care workforce
                                  • Physical infrastructure
                                  • Medicines and other health products 
                                  • Engagement with private sector providers
                                  • Purchasing and payment systems
                                  • Digital technologies for health
                                  • Systems for improving the quality of care 
                                  • Primary health care-oriented research
                                  • Monitoring and evaluation

                                   

                                   

                                   




                                  1%

                                  Countries must increase spending on primary health care by 1% of GDP to close coverage gaps

                                  60 million lives

                                  could be saved

                                  by investing US$200 billion per year in primary health care

                                  50%

                                  of all people

                                  still lack some or all essential health services.

                                  18 million

                                  There will be a shortfall of 18 million health care workers by 2030.

                                  What is PHC?

                                  Primary health care is care for all at all ages. All people, everywhere, deserve the right care, right in their community.

                                   

                                  Publications

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                                  Infection prevention and control in primary care: a toolkit of resources

                                  The recently published World Health Organization (WHO) Strengthening infection prevention and control in primary care document collates existing standards,...

                                  This document aims to support those working in primary care to strengthen IPC, informed by existing WHO IPC guidance and implementation resources. Many...

                                  Highlight

                                  phc-conf

                                  Global Conference on Primary Health Care

                                  25-26 October 2018 - Astana, Kazakhstan

                                  On the 40th anniversary of the Alma-Ata Declaration, global health leaders and stakeholders returned to Kazakhstan to renew the promise of primary health care as the most effective and efficient means to achieve universal health coverage. Based on a bold vision, the Declaration of Astana sets out four commitments for countries to make primary health care a reality.