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                                Nutrition

                                  Overview

                                  Nutrition is a critical part of health and development. Better nutrition is related to improved infant, child and maternal health, stronger immune systems, safer pregnancy and childbirth, lower risk of non-communicable diseases (such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease), and longevity.

                                  Healthy children learn better. People with adequate nutrition are more productive and can create opportunities to gradually break the cycles of poverty and hunger.

                                  Malnutrition, in every form, presents significant threats to human health. Today the world faces a double burden of malnutrition that includes both undernutrition and overweight, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

                                  WHO is providing scientific advice and decision-making tools that can help countries take action to address all forms of malnutrition to support health and wellbeing for all, at all ages.

                                  This fact file explores the risks posed by all forms of malnutrition, starting from the earliest stages of development, and the responses that the health system can give directly and through its influence on other sectors, particularly the food system.

                                  Novel Coronavirus

                                   

                                   

                                  149 million children

                                  under 5 yrs of age

                                  are too short for their age (stunted)

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                                  45 million children

                                  under 5 yrs of age

                                  are too thin for their height (wasted)

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                                  44 % infants

                                  under 6 months are

                                  Exclusively breastfed

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                                  39 million

                                  children under 5 are

                                  Overweight or obese

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                                  33% of women

                                  of reproductive age

                                  have anaemia

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                                  15% babies

                                  are born with

                                  Low birth weight

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                                  Publications

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                                  Report of the technical consultation on measuring healthy diets: concepts, methods and metrics

                                  Food systems and diets are changing everywhere and monitoring the healthfulness of diets at global and national levels is becoming increasingly important....

                                  Food systems for health: information brief

                                  WHO is promoting the implementation of a package of game changing food systems actions, that complement each other and focus on improving the nutritional...

                                  Countdown to 2023: WHO report on global trans-fat elimination 2021

                                  This third annual report monitors global progress towards the 2023 target for global elimination of industrially produced trans-fatty acids (TFA),...

                                  Implementing school food and nutrition policies: a review of contextual factors

                                  Schools play an important role in promoting healthy diets and good nutrition and can create an enabling environment for children. However, the school food...

                                  Documents

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                                  TEAM 11th meeting report

                                  In 2015, WHO and UNICEF established an independent Technical Expert Advisory group on nutrition Monitoring (TEAM) to advise on enhancing nutrition monitoring...

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                                  Project update?Since the last update, we have?continued our?progress on Workstream 2 – Digital Adaptation Kit (DAK).??The DAK has?now?been subdivided...

                                  In 2020, a resolution titled ‘‘Strengthening efforts on food safety’’ was adopted by the Seventy-third World Health Assembly. In...

                                  This report presents the first global assessment of food insecurity and malnutrition for 2020 and offers some indication of what hunger might look...