WHO/Yoshi Shimizu
                                ? Credits

                                Health promotion

                                  Overview

                                  “Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health.” Health Promotion Glossary, 1998

                                   A brief history of Health Promotion

                                  The first International Conference on Health Promotion was held in Ottawa in 1986, and was primarily a response to growing expectations for a new public health movement around the world. It launched a series of actions among international organizations, national governments and local communities to achieve the goal of "Health For All" by the year 2000 and beyond. The basic strategies for health promotion identified in the Ottawa Charter were: advocate (to boost the factors which encourage health), enable (allowing all people to achieve health equity) and mediate (through collaboration across all sectors).

                                  Since then, the WHO Global Health Promotion Conferences have established and developed the global principles and action areas for health promotion. Most recently, the 9th global conference (Shanghai 2016), titled ‘Promoting health in the Sustainable Development Goals: Health for all and all for health’, highlighted the critical links between promoting health and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Whilst calling for bold political interventions to accelerate country action on the SDGs, the Shanghai Declaration provides a framework through which governments can utilize the transformational potential of health promotion.

                                  Strategy

                                  Promoting Healthier Populations 

                                   The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provides a bold and ambitious agenda for the future. WHO is committed to helping the world meet the SDGs by championing health across all the goals. WHO’s core mission is to promote health, alongside keeping the world safe and serving the vulnerable. Beyond fighting disease, we will work to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, leaving no-one behind.

                                  Our target is 1 billion more people enjoying better health and well-being by 2023. 

                                  Focus
                                  • Good Governance

                                  Strengthen governance and policies to make healthy choices accessible and affordable to all, and create sustainable systems that make whole-of-society collaboration real. This approach is based on the rationale that health is determined by multiple factors outside the direct control of the health sector (e.g. education, income, and individual living conditions) and that decisions made in other sectors can affect the health of individuals and shape patterns of disease distribution and mortality.

                                  • Health Literacy

                                  Improving health literacy in populations provides the foundation on which citizens are enabled to play an active role in improving their own health, engage successfully with community action for health, and push governments to meet their responsibilities in addressing health and health equity.

                                  • Healthy Settings

                                  The settings approach has roots in the WHO Health for All strategy and, more specifically, the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Healthy Settings key principles include community participation, partnership, empowerment and equity. The Healthy Cities programme is the best-known example of a successful Healthy Settings programme.

                                  • Social mobilization

                                  Bringing together all societal and personal influences to raise awareness of and demand for health care, assist in the delivery of resources and services, and cultivate sustainable individual and community involvement.

                                  Over 1.7 million

                                  deaths

                                  children and adolescents aged 5-19 years died in 2016.

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                                  Publications

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                                  Implementing school food and nutrition policies: a review of contextual factors

                                  Schools play an important role in promoting healthy diets and good nutrition and can create an enabling environment for children. However, the school food...

                                  Implementing fiscal and pricing policies to promote healthy diets: a review of contextual factors

                                  Prices and promotions of foods and non-alcoholic beverages within the food environment can incentivize or disincentivize consumers’ food decisions....

                                  No education system is effective unless it promotes the health and well-being of its students, staff and community. These strong links have never been...

                                  Making every school a health-promoting school – Country case studies

                                  No education system is effective unless it promotes the health and well-being of its students, staff and community. These strong links have never been...

                                  Multimedia