WHO/Yoshi Shimizu
                                ? Credits

                                Dementia

                                  Overview

                                  Dementia is an umbrella term for several diseases affecting memory, other cognitive abilities and behaviour that interfere significantly with a person’s ability to maintain their activities of daily living. Although age is the strongest known risk factor for dementia, it is not a normal part of ageing.

                                  WHO is working very closely with Member States and other relevant stakeholders to improve the lives of people with dementia and their carers, while decreasing the impact of dementia on communities and countries.

                                  Situation

                                  Worldwide, around 50 million people have dementia, and there are nearly 10 million new cases every year. Two in three people with dementia live in low- and middle-income countries.

                                  Dementia is one of the major causes of disability and dependency among older people worldwide. It can be overwhelming, not only for people who have dementia, but also for their carers and families, who globally provide the majority of care and support.

                                  There is often a lack of awareness and understanding of dementia, resulting in stigmatization and barriers to diagnosis and care. The impact of dementia on carers, family and society at large can be physical, psychological, social and economic.
                                  Response

                                  WHO recognizes dementia as a public health priority. In May 2017, the World Health Assembly endorsed the Global action plan on the public health response to dementia 2017-2025. The global action plan aims to improve the lives of people with dementia, their families and carers, while decreasing the impact of dementia on communities and countries.

                                  It provides a comprehensive blueprint for action across seven areas: (1) making dementia a public health priority, (2) increasing dementia awareness, inclusion and friendliness; (3) reducing the risk of dementia; (4) improving diagnosis, treatment and care; (5) supporting dementia carers, (6) enhancing health information systems for dementia and (7) fostering research and innovation.

                                  Around 55 million

                                  people

                                  have dementia worldwide

                                  Fact sheet

                                  Dementia costs over

                                  US$ 1 trillion/year

                                  The majority of care is provided by family members.

                                  Fact sheet

                                  7th leading

                                  cause of death

                                  Dementia is now the 7th leading cause of death.

                                  Fact sheet

                                  Pulications

                                  All →
                                  Global status report on the public health response to dementia

                                  Halfway into the implementation of the Global dementia action plan, the Global status report on the public health response to dementia takes stock of actions...

                                  Towards a dementia inclusive society

                                  Stigma and discrimination heighten the already significant psychological, social, emotional and financial impacts that dementia has on individuals, their...

                                  Be healthy, be mobile. A handbook on how to implement mDementia

                                  [email protected] BeMobile and the Mental Health and Substance Use department have developed the mDementia programme, leveraging mobile technologies to provide...

                                  Promoting dementia-inclusive communities : a strategic communications toolkit

                                  As populations across the Western Pacific Region continue to age, the number of people living with dementia, as well as the overall burden associated with...

                                  Country profiles

                                  Country profiles present selected data, statistics and information to provide national health profiles at given points in time.
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